( Greek :, smeia ; sing., smeion ) were used in official occasions and for military purposes, such as banners or shields displaying various motifs such as the cross or the labarum. 82 In 687688, the final Heraclian emperor, Justinian II, led an expedition against write rhetorical analysis essay with two articles the Slavs and Bulgarians, and made significant gains, although the fact that he had to fight his way from Thrace to Macedonia demonstrates the degree to which Byzantine power in the north. Fossier Sondheimer 1997,. . In 534, the Corpus was updated and, along with the enactments promulgated by Justinian after 534, formed the system of law used for most of the rest of the Byzantine era. Blume 2008, Headnote. Bury, John Bagnall (1920). 200 Such mechanical devices reached a high level of sophistication and were made in order to impress visitors. Studies on the Internal Diaspora of the Byzantine Empire.
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1081; Gibbon 1906, Volume III, Part IV, Chapter 18,. Kazhdan Constable 1982,. . Contact between Byzantium and the "Latin" West, including the Crusader states, increased significantly during the Komnenian period. Encyclopdia Britannica (2009 "lira", Encyclopdia Britannica Arkenberg, Rebecca (October 2002 Renaissance Violins, Metropolitan Museum of Art, retrieved 22 September 2006 Journal of Sport History, Vol. Diplomacy gone to seed: a history of Byzantine foreign relations,.D.